Micro Teaching Skills

Micro Teaching Skills: Specific Teaching Techniques

What is micro teaching? It is a technique of teacher preparation which was introduced by Dwight W. Allen in 1963 at Stanford University that gives teachers a safe and motivating place to polish their craft. Usually lasting only five to ten minutes, it entails giving a brief lesson to a small group of peers or students, followed by reflection and feedback.

Micro teaching skills are very important because with the help of these skills teachers can concentrate on particular teaching techniques in a controlled environment and get helpful feedback that they can immediately implement to raise their overall effectiveness as educators.

In this strategy teaching, feedback, and refinement cycle aids in the development of a variety of skills that are necessary for effective teaching and classroom management. Now these micro teaching skills are taught and practiced in bachelor of education.

Importance of Micro Teaching Skills

Micro teaching is of great importance which offers training, development and many other benefits to the teachers. Some important points of micro teaching are as under.

  • It is a vital tool which improves teaching skills by practice lesson planning, effective teaching strategies and classroom management.
  • It is helpful in enhancing confidence of the teachers on their abilities by teaching in a supportive environment.
  • Micro teaching provides effective feedback from the peers and trainers which is helpful in identifying the areas of improvement.
  • It allows teachers to focus on particular skills that facilitates in improving their personalized learning.
  • It offers a risk-free environment to experiment new approaches without the fear of failure.
  • Micro teaching contributes in the professional development of teachers. By micro teaching skills teachers stay updated about the best practices and new teaching techniques.


Micro teaching skill is one of the valuable tools in teacher education which refines teaching skills by providing flexible approach through practice, feedback and reflection. It is a short-focused practice session that enhances effectiveness of the teaching and promotes continuous professional growth. Micro teaching skills involve the delivering of short lessons to a limited group, receiving targeted feedback and refining of the techniques by presentation, questioning, reinforcement and effective classroom management.

Its key characteristics are planning of lessons, teaching and receiving feedbacks to the small audience reflecting on the feedback through teaching experience then modify and revise the lesson to another small group. It is beneficial in getting teaching excellence by skill development, confidence building, professional improvement and for promoting lifelong learning because it is a dynamic teaching technique for the educators.

Components of micro teaching skills

The micro teaching skills are the set of instructional strategies that are used for effective teaching. Following are the important components of micro teaching that are also taught in master of education.

Lesson Planning

Lesson planning is an important component of microteaching. A clear definition of learning goals, logical content foundation, and the inclusion of stimulating activities that accommodate several learning styles are all necessary for effective lesson planning.

Educators acquire the ability to draft succinct, laser-focused lesson plans that fit into a tight schedule while making sure every part of the lesson advances the learning objectives. This ability improves the overall coherence and efficacy of a teacher’s instruction by assisting them in becoming more purposeful and organized in their approach.

Communication and Presentation

Both communication and presentation skills are essential. These skills need having the ability to engage students by maintaining eye contact, using appropriate body language, and clearly explaining concepts. Instructors should work on changing up their voice tone, pausing in just the right ways, and utilizing visual aids to highlight important ideas.

In order to ensure understanding, it’s also important to listen to students’ questions and responses, offer feedback, and modify explanations as needed. By providing them with immediate feedback on their delivery and enabling them to make necessary adjustments, micro-teaching helps educators hone these skills.

Classroom Management

Effective classroom management is another essential microteaching competency. Teachers take classes on how to generate and enforce rules and workouts, use reinforcement, and deal with challenging behavior in a way that keeps the learning environment positive.

Teachers can practice using these methods in a low-risk environment by microteaching, which will help them become more competent and confident in controlling a number of classroom dynamics. In order to foster a learning environment where students feel valued and inspired to participate, this practice is essential.

Questioning Techniques

Techniques for asking questions are yet another essential part of microteaching. Asking insightful questions can promote student involvement, test comprehension, and foster critical thinking. Educators acquire the skills to craft open-ended inquiries, apply probing questions to enhance comprehension, and utilize waiting periods to allow pupils to reflect and react.

Teachers can practice asking questions that motivate management and learning by using the micro-teaching platform to test out various questioning techniques and get feedback on how well they work.

Assessment and Feedback

Lastly, evaluation and comments are essential components of microteaching. In order to measure student learning and offer helpful feedback, teachers get experience creating and executing formative assessments. This involves tracking development and identifying areas that require improvement through the use of strategies like discussions, quizzes, and observational assessments.

Feedback that is effective is timely, targeted, and concentrated on assisting students in realizing their areas of strength and development. Teachers can improve their capacity to evaluate students’ learning and offer insightful feedback by practicing microteaching, which will help them better support students’ development.

Objectives of micro teaching skills

Micro teaching creates the supportive and creative environment for the educators to update and refine their teaching skills which ultimately leads towards the improvement of educational outcomes of the learners. Following are the key objectives of micro teaching.

It specially focuses on the development of specific teaching skills that includes questioning, explaining reinforcement, classroom management, effective use of AV aids and mastery over teaching techniques through practice on different methodologies.

Micro teaching provides instant feedback through peers and supervisors which helps the educators to analyze the effectiveness of their methods. It also encourages self-reflection and assessment which identifies the strengths and weaknesses of the teachers.

It increases the confidence of the teachers which supports the them to practice and get positive reinforcement in controlled or low risk setting.

Effective classroom management is another important objective of micro teaching which develops skills of classroom management like maintaining the participation and engagement of the students without disruptions.

Micro teaching enhances the effective design of lesson planning. A well-structured and engaging lesson plan meets students learning outcomes rapidly.

Adaptability and flexibility in teaching styles and methods modifies teaching approaches which is an important aim of this skill.

It promotes continuous professional development of teachers and teaching practices through collaboration and peer learning.

Micro teaching develops structured and supportive environment for teachers which facilitates the process of assessment and evaluation of the understanding and learning outcomes of the students.

Steps of micro teaching skills

Important steps of micro teaching are given below

  1. Planned lesson on specific topics with measurable objectives, relevant content and appropriate teaching methods.
  2. Introduction of the topic in conducive learning environment by engaging the student in positive way.
  3. Explanation of the information in a concise way with AV aids and by encouraging the participation and questioning.
  4. Demonstration of skills by practice and providing the opportunities to ask questions.
  5. Provision of guidance and feedback on tasks and activities.
  6. Application of the knowledge without assistance and provide feedback when they needed.
  7. Measuring of the knowledge and understanding by assessment and evaluation.
  8. Summarize the important points and reinforce then provide opportunities to reflect and ask questions.
  9. Identify the areas of improvement by reflecting on the feedback and refine the teaching practice.

Benefits of micro teaching skills

There are lot of benefits of micro teaching skills like, skill development of teachers by building confidence, safe environment and positive reinforcement, reflection and self-assessment through critical analysis and video analysis, collaboration and peer learning by peer’s feedback, supervisor’s feedback, observation and imitation, enhancement of teaching techniques by working on diverse methods and adaptability in effective techniques and personal development of educators by time management and skill development.


To be concluded, microteaching is a useful tool for teacher’s development because it makes instructors to focus on and hone particular teaching techniques. Teachers can increase their confidence and effectiveness as teachers by practicing lesson planning, communication and presentation skills, classroom management, questioning strategies, assessment, and feedback in a supportive environment. This will ultimately benefit the students’ education.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Micro teaching is a dynamic technique of teachers training. It is used to sharpen the skills of teachers by teaching in a controlled environment through short lessons to a small group of the students having the characteristics of discussion and feedback.

Important objectives of micro teaching are as under.

  1. To improve teacher’s skills.
  2. To enhance techniques of teaching.
  3. To improve lesson planning.
  4. To develop confidence among the teachers and the learners.
  5. To get constructive feedback about teaching practices.

Micro teaching session works in a following way.

  • Planned brief lesson of 5 to 10 minutes.
  • Teaching of lessons to limited group of students and peers.
  • Receiving feedback from peers or supervisors.
  • Making of improvement by reflecting on the feedback.
  • Re- teaching of revised lesson if it is essential.

Time management, effective, classroom management by engaging activities and strategies, lesson planning, presentation and communication, questioning techniques, the use of AV aids and technologies can be developed by micro teaching skills.

  1. It improves teaching skills by increasing confidence, effective communication and confidence.
  2. Micro teaching provides safe environment to experiment on new teaching method.
  3. It gives immediate and practical feedback.
  4. Micro teaching enhances reflection on different teaching strategies.
  5. It can be used for online classes through videos and conferencing tools.

Its challenges includes artificial setting, time hurdles, potential anxiety and specific scope of lesson.

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